First sub-types of pyramidal neurons in human neocortex revealed:
Comprehensive Morpho-Electrotonic Analysis Shows 2 Distinct Classes of L2 and L3 Pyramidal Neurons in Human Temporal Cortex.
Yair Deitcher, Guy Eyal, Lida Kanari, Matthijs Verhoog, Guy Kahou, Huibert Mansvelder, Christiaan de Kock*, and Idan Segev*
Cerebral Cortex, 2017. EPub. (https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhx226)
* shared senior authors
We used our database of digital reconstructions from human neocortex L2/L3 pyramidal neurons to address the question whether pyramidal subtypes exist that can be subclassified based on morphology. Using a newly developed algorithm by Lida Kanari (EPFL, Blue Brain Project), we show that we can reliably distinguish profuse-tufted pyramids from slim-tufted pyramids, based on morphological complexity of the apical dendrite. These structural differences translate into functional properties, since profuse-tufted pyramids have increased activity upon current injections relative to slim-tufted pyramids. Thus, our morpho-electrotonic analysis shows 2 distinct classes of human Layer 2/Layer 3 pyramids.
Deitcher et al, CerebCtx 2017
Teaching contribution of our lab in CNCR Minor "Brain and Mind" highlighted in Ad Valvas (VU Amsterdam magazine).
The starting course Cognitive Neuroscience of the Minor is coordinated by Sophie vd Sluis and Christiaan de Kock and serves to explain basic principles of brain structure and function to a broad spectrum of students with no previous training in neuroscience. During the first lecture, student reporter Joeke Berg (secretly) joined the lecture and published a report (in Dutch) in Ad Valvas using her dedicated column "So you think you can teach".
An important goal of our lab is outreach to the neuroscience community, students and layman audiences and we very much appreciate the inspiring exposure for brain research created by this report!
high resolution link: https://issuu.com/advalvas/docs/nr_2_13_september_2017
=>scroll to page 27.
Perspective on function of Posterior Parietal Cortex during whisker somatosensory integration published in Special Issue of the IBRO Journal "Neuroscience". The special issue will be launched in 2017 and features invited contributions from many speakers that appeared during the international meeting BACOFUN 2016, which was held in May 2016, Amsterdam. Editors of the special issue are Heiko Luhmann (Mainz), Miguel Maravall (Sussex) and C. de Kock (Amsterdam).
The Posterior Parietal Cortex as Integrative Hub for Whisker Sensorimotor Information.
Mohan H., de Haan R., Mansvelder H.D., de Kock C.P.J.
Neuroscience. 2017 Jun 19.
pii: S0306-4522(17)30418-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2017.06.020.
Our daily life consists of a continuous interplay between incoming sensory information and outgoing motor plans. Particularly during goal-directed behavior and active exploration of the sensory environment, brain circuits are merging sensory and motor signals. This is referred to as sensorimotor integration and is relevant for locomotion, vision or tactile exploration. The somatosensory (tactile) system is an attractive modality to study sensorimotor integration in health and disease, motivated by the need for revolutionary technology that builds upon conceptual understanding of sensorimotor integration, such as brain-machine-interfaces and neuro-prosthetics. In this perspective, we focus on the rat whisker system and put forward the posterior parietal cortex as a potential circuit where sensorimotor integration could occur during active somatosensation.
Announcement: Barrels and Beyond - Gottingen 2018
The highly successful bi-annual series of meetings on (sub)cortical circuits will be continued in Gottingen; 24th and 25th of May 2018. After Barcelona 2012, Gottingen 2014, Amsterdam 2016, the 2018 meeting will be the 4th in a series on "sensory (sub)cortical circuits from a multidisciplinary angle". Our group is co-organizing this meeting with local host Jochen Staiger and confirmed speakers include Massimo Scanziani, Michael Brecht, Natalie Rochefort, Alison Barth and Solange Brown.
Post-doc Sarah Hunt and PhD-candidates Djai Heyer and Rene Wilbers join our group and INF lab to work on understanding the structure and function of individual neurons from adult human cortex. The projects involve not only detailed analysis of the function and architecture of single human neurons but also to uncover principles of signal flow in the human cortical microcircuit. The topics bridge Mansvelder, Goriounova and de Kock labs and additionally involve computational modelling in collaboration with prof. Idan Segev and reverse engineering the microcircuit with scientists of the Blue Brain Project.
Illustration by Nicolas Antille,
Blue Brain Project, EPFL.
Mohan et al, 2017, Figure 2
Image from BACOFUN 2016, Amsterdam
Hemanth Mohan graduates!!
On the 20th of March, succesfully defended his PhD thesis on the "Organizational Principles of Human and Rodent Association Cortex."
Thesis synopsis: Hemanths work offers new insights into both the structural organization as well as the decoding principles used by the association cortex. In behaving rats, he found highly specific coding principles for individual cortical layers during whisker motion and whisker touch, which is comparable to fingertip use when operating the touch screen of a smartphone. He further uncovered the presence of specialized neurons that report the difference between expected and actual sensory information. To directly bridge animal research to human brain and uncover the organizational principles of human association cortex, we made digital reconstructions of individual human neurons in 3D. Hemanth found that individual human neurons are three times larger compared to rodent and monkey neurons with much more complex architecture. This has a large impact on how these neurons form networks and process information. We are convinced that these insights may eventually contribute to the improvement of neural prosthetics or the treatment of brain diseases, including Parkinson or Alzheimer.
Dr. Mohan is continuing his career at Cold Spring Harbor (NY, USA) in the lab of Prof.dr. Josh Huang.
Project Launched between Pennartz (UvA) and de Kock (VUA) labs.
The Amsterdam Brain & Mind Project (ABMP) will focus on the neuronal microcircuit underlying multisensory processing underlying decision-making.
ABMP is a new UvA‐VUA Amsterdam Academic Alliance Initiative. As a joint venture of the UvA and the VUA, the project aims to build sustainable bridges between Amsterdam’s top research groups in the fields of neuroscientific and cognitive research. This will allow both universities in the city of Amsterdam to build a strong and prominent centre for the study of the brain and mind.
Barrel Cortex Function Meeting
On the 19th and 20th of May, our lab hosted the BACOFUN 2016 meeting with renowned keynote speakers including profs. Gordon Fishell, Adam Kepecs, Moritz Helmstaedter, Michael Stryker, Anthony Holtmaat, David Kleinfeld and Josh Huang. These keynote lectures were supplemented with lectures by (a.o) Randy Bruno, Koen Vervaeke, Michael Brecht, James Poulet, and Fritjof Helmchen.
The meeting was attended by more than 160 participants from 40 different (inter)national institutes.
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